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Dachshund – Sausage Dog

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Dachshund
Miniture Dachshund - Sausage Dog

Dachshunds are lively little dog breeds known for their short legs and distinct long bodies. Nicknamed as “sausage / wiener dogs,” this funny and energetic breed was originally developed in Germany more than 300 years ago.

 

Breed Characteristics:

  • Recommended for: Singles or families
  • Dog Breed Group: Hound Dogs
  • Maintenance Level: Medium
  • Life Span: 13-16 years
  • Height: 21 – 27 cm
  • Shedding: moderate
  • Weight: 4.5 – 5 kg

The dachshund has three different coat types:

  1. smooth coated
  2. longhaired
  3. Wired Haired

However,  Dachshunds are considered moderate shedders, but longhaired Dachshunds may require more frequent brushing.

  • Colors

Standard colors of Dachshunds are red, black and tan, tan, chocolate, black, cream, wild boar, wheaten, chocolate and cream, chocolate and tan, blue and tan and fawn and tan. Additionally, their coats can feature patterns like brindle, dapple, and sable. 

Dachshund - Sausage Dog

Dachshunds Diet/Food

Recommended daily amount: 1/2 to 1 1/2 cups of high-quality dry food a day

Note: The amount of feed your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are like individuals, and they do not need to eat the same amount. A highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also varies – the better the dog food, the better it will be for raising your dog, and the less you will need to move your dog’s bowls.

Dachshunds Grooming

Dachshunds are moderate shadders, relatively clean, and have little or no body odor. Breeding requirements vary from three types of coats. Smooth-coated Dachshunds are somewhat “wash and wear.” Depending on the thickness of the coat, longhaired dachshunds may need to be brushed more frequently. The wired haired coat can be pulled or hand-picked several times a year to look its best, but beyond that, beards and eyebrows can be occasionally trimmed and brushed or combed once or twice a week. All dachshunds nails should be trimmed every month

Dachshunds Personality and Temperament

Dachshunds are described as smart, lively, and brave. They showed perseverance, another way to say this is they can be very stubborn. They have a  reputation for being playful and fearless. Dachshund’s personality can also vary with the type of coat. Because the wire hired dachshunds have terrier in the background, they may be naughty troublemakers. Long Hair dachshunds are calm and quiet and have a smooth personality that is somewhere in between. Some small dachshunds may be nervous or shy, but this is not true of the breed.

Temperament is affected by many factors, including heredity, training, and social. Dogs with excellent temperaments are curious and lively, ready to approach people and stay with them. Choose a dog in the middle of the street, not one that is beating up his littermates or hiding in a corner. Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parental dogs or by assessing pedigree is also helpful in realizing that when he grows up, he is like a good dog.

Like any dog, dachshunds need early socialization with people, sites, voices, and experiences very quickly. Socialization helps ensure that your dachshund’s dog becomes a well-round dog. Regularly inviting visitors, and visiting her in busy parks, shops that allow dogs, and taking leisurely walks to meet neighbors, will also help polish her social skills.

Exercise for Dachshunds

Many owners feel that since they are small, Dachshunds do not need much exercise other than walking around the house. However, they need not only regular exercise to stay fit, but also build strong muscles to support and protect their backs. To avoid injury, never let your dachshund walk downstairs or out of furniture or jump over it. Dachshunds  are very social, and would rather be with their owners than other dogs .

Training a Dachshund

Dachshunds are very intelligent, but they are also independent and often stubborn, so training them can be a challenge. They love to receive love and do great work with positive, rewarding training. They are sensitive and will not respond well to harsh orders or punishment. Patience and perseverance are key. Dachshunds have a strong sense of smell. Because they are bred to stay focused and follow a trail without distraction, if they are engaged in something else, they do not always pay attention to you.

Dachshunds Size and Breeding

Dachshunds are bred and shown in two sizes: standard and miniature. Dachshunds of all types (smooth, wirehair, and longhair) typically weigh between 16 and 32 pounds. When mature, all kinds of small dachshunds weigh 11 pounds or less. Dachshunds weighing between 11 and 16 pounds are called Tweenies. Although this is not an official rating, Tweenies are not allowed in the show ring. Some people who raise unusually small dachshunds call them toy dachshunds, but this is purely a marketing term, not a recognized term

Health Issues

Not all dachshunds can get all these ailments, but the owner must aware of all the possible conditions

  • Epilepsy
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
  • Bloat or Torsion also called Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV)
  • Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism)
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)
  • Canine Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Deafness:

Recommended Health Test from the National Breed Club:

  • Patella Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • Cardiac Exam

Highlights:

  • Dachshunds are intellectual dogs with an independent nature and cheerful spirit. Because of this, they can be naughty. Be tolerant, firm, and consistent when training them.
  • Dachshunds can be mulish, stubborn, and difficult to housebreak. Crate-training is given in early life.
Dachshunds - sausage dogs
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